The Importance of Vaccination

Date posted: Tuesday, November 5, 2019



ጤናዎ በቤትዎ-የክትባት ጠቀሜታዎች, Prof. Bogale Worku (Director of the Ethiopian Pediatrics Society) and W/RO Mastewal Kedemt From Minstry of Health => a vaccination program expert, talks about the importance of vaccination. This is an interview from the national TV program called Tenawo Bebtwo (ጤናዎ በቤትዎ) hosted by Tariku Taye from Ethopian Broadcasting Agency.

There has been confusion and misunderstandings about vaccines. But vaccinations are an important part of family and public health. Vaccines prevent the spread of contagious, dangerous, and deadly diseases. These include measles, polio, mumps, chicken pox, whooping cough, diphtheria, and HPV.

The first vaccine discovered was the smallpox vaccine. Smallpox was a deadly illness. It killed 300 million to 500 million people around the world in the last century. After the vaccine was given to people, the disease was eventually erased. It’s the only disease to be completely destroyed. There are now others close to that point, including polio.

What are vaccines?

A vaccine (or immunization) is a way to build your body’s natural immunity to a disease before you get sick. This keeps you from getting and spreading the disease.

For most vaccines, a weakened form of the disease germ is injected into your body. This is usually done with a shot in the leg or arm. Your body detects the invading germs (antigens) and produces antibodies to fight them. Those antibodies then stay in your body for a long time. In many cases, they stay for the rest of your life. If you’re ever exposed to the disease again, your body will fight it off without you ever getting the disease.

Some illnesses, like strains of cold viruses, are fairly mild. But some, like smallpox or polio, can cause life-altering changes. They can even result in death. That’s why preventing your body from contracting these illnesses is very important.

How does immunity work?

Your body builds a defense system to fight foreign germs that could make you sick or hurt you. It’s called your immune system. To build up your immune system, your body must be exposed to different germs. When your body is exposed to a germ for the first time, it produces antibodies to fight it. But that takes time and you usually get sick before the antibodies have built up. But once you have antibodies, they stay in your body. So the next time you’re exposed to that germ, the antibodies will attack it, and you won’t get sick.

Source taken from Family Doctor

 




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"የብሄራዊ ህጻናት ጤና ቡድን ዋና አጋር የሆነው የኢትዮጵያ ህጻናት የህክምና ማህበር በታለያዩ የሥራ ዘርፎች በተላም ደግሞ የባለሙያዎችን አቅም በመገንባት አዳዲስ መረጃዎችን በጥናትና ምርምር በማፍለቅ ፤ የቴክኒካል ዎርኪንግ ግሩፕ ዋና አውታር በመሆን የሚዘጋጁ ዶክመንቶችን ስናዘጋጅ አዳድስ ሳይንተፊክ ኢቪደንሶችን መማጣት እጅግ በጣም እያገዘን ያለ ተቋም ነው፤፤"
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